AskDefine | Define emeritus

Dictionary Definition

emeritus adj : honorably retired from assigned duties and retaining your title along with the additional title `emeritus' as in `professor emeritus'; `retired from assigned duties' need not imply that one is inactive [syn: retired]

User Contributed Dictionary



From emeritus.


  1. retired, but retaining an honorific version of previous title; especially used with professor

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Verb form


Extensive Definition

Emeritus () is an adjective that is used in the title of a retired professor, bishop or other professional. Emerita (/ɨˈmɛrɨtə/) was used for women, but is rarely used today. The term is used when a person of importance in a given profession retires, so that his or her former rank can still be used in his or her title. This is particularly useful when establishing the authority a person might have to comment, lecture or write on a particular subject.
The word is typically used as a postpositional adjective but can also be used as a preposition adjective. It is frequently capitalized when it forms part of a title. The word originated in the mid-18th century from Latin as the past participle of emereri meaning to "earn one's discharge by service". Emereri itself is a compound of the prefix e- (a variant of ex-) meaning "out of or from" and merēre meaning "earn". The word is always associated with the title, not the name, of a person. For example, "Professor Emeritus of Mathematics Alex Robertson".
Emeritus does not imply that the person must be retired from all duties of his or her previous title. Nor does it imply that the person is engaged in the duties of his or her previous title.


emeritus in Bosnian: Emeritus
emeritus in Catalan: Emèrit
emeritus in Danish: Emeritus
emeritus in German: Emeritierung
emeritus in Modern Greek (1453-): Ομότιμος καθηγητής
emeritus in Spanish: Emérito
emeritus in Croatian: Emeritus
emeritus in Icelandic: Emeritus
emeritus in Hungarian: Emeritus
emeritus in Malay (macrolanguage): Emeritus
emeritus in Dutch: Emeritaat
emeritus in Norwegian: Emeritus
emeritus in Norwegian Nynorsk: Emeritus
emeritus in Portuguese: Professor emérito
emeritus in Slovak: Emeritný
emeritus in Finnish: Emeritus
emeritus in Swedish: Emeritus

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

assistant, assistant professor, associate, associate professor, in retirement, instructor, lecturer, on pension, pensioned, pensioned off, professor, professor emeritus, reader, retired, retired professor, superannuated, tutor, visiting professor
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